An XML (Extensible Markup Language) file is a text-based format used to structure and store data in a human-readable and machine-readable manner. XML is a markup language, similar to HTML, but it is designed to carry data rather than to display it. It provides a standardized way to represent information that can be easily shared and processed by different systems.
In an XML file, data is organized into a hierarchical structure using tags. Tags are enclosed in angle brackets (<>) and define elements that represent different pieces of information. Each element can contain other elements and/or text content.
A key feature of XML is its extensibility. XML allows users to define their own elements and attributes, enabling them to create customized data structures. This flexibility makes XML suitable for a wide range of applications and industries. For instance, it is commonly used in web services, configuration files, data exchange formats, and even document storage.
XML files are not tied to any specific programming language or platform, making them highly interoperable. They can be read and processed by various software applications, regardless of the underlying technology. This interoperability is achieved through the use of XML parsers, which can validate and extract data from XML files. Developers can use different programming languages, such as Java, Python, or C#, to parse XML files and manipulate the data within them.
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