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Convert Your 3D Mesh/Model 3MF Files to WRL

Our free and fast tool will convert most 3D mesh or 3MF (3D Manufacturing Format) model files to a standard WRL (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) file that can then be edited further in most popular 3D editing packages such as Blender or 3D printed without any further processing. Our conversion tool can also batch convert multiple 3MF files; up to 25 files at a time can be converted.

To convert your 3MF file, click the Upload button above and select the file to convert. Once selected, the file will be converted to a WRL file and will be ready for download shortly afterwards. For more information about the 3MF to WRL conversion process, see the conversion information section below.

How to Convert your 3MF to WRL Online?

Here are two simple steps to convert your 3MF to WRL.

Upload a 3MF

Click the "Upload a 3MF File" button and select a 3MF to upload. The maximum file size is 100MB.

Download your WRL

Click the download link once completed to receive your WRL file.

File Format Information for 3MF to WRL

Extension3MF
Full Name3D Manufacturing Format
Type3D Model
Mime Typeapplication/vnd.ms-package.3dmanufacturing-3dmodel+xml
FormatBinary
Tools3MF Converters, 3D Model Voxelizer, Create 3MF Animation, Compress 3MF, 3MF Asset Extractor, Text to 3MF, 3MF Viewer

Description

3MF files are a modern 3D file format designed specifically for use with 3D printable models (additive manufacturing). It was designed to be the successor to the popular legacy STL format (also a common format in 3D printing) to overcome the limitations of that format.

The format of 3MF files is XML-based and compressed with standard Zip file compression, resulting in small, easily transferable files. The format supports 3D meshes along with associated materials and textures, all contained within the Zip file.

3MF Notes

If your 3MF file contains textures, these will be included in the conversion process. If a material contains color information, this will be translated where possible.

Supported Features

  • Mesh geometry
  • Face and vertex colors
  • Textures
ExtensionWRL
Full NameVirtual Reality Modeling Language
Type3D Model
Mime Typemodel/vrml x-world/x-vrml application/x-cc3d
FormatText
ToolsWRL Converters, 3D Model Voxelizer, Create WRL Animation, Compress WRL, WRL Asset Extractor, Text to WRL, WRL Viewer
Open WithMeshLab

Description

The WRL file format is a 3D-based model format originally created in the 1990's that was aimed at website usage. The format is text-based and contains 3D geometry data such as vertices, faces, simple shapes, material information, and more.

This format, when launched, was hoped to become a standard 3D format; however, due to the large file sizes, it didn't see wide adoption, although it is a supported format within some CAD software applications. It was later superseded by the X3D file format, which shares most of the functionality of WRL files.

WRL Notes

WRL files support material and color information. If your uploaded model contains color information, our tool will attempt to save this in the WRL file at the end of the conversion process. Texture information is not supported at this time.

Supported Features

  • Mesh geometry
  • Mesh material colors
  • Vertex colors

Unsupported Features

  • Textures

Comparing 3MF and WRL Features

 

3MF Features

  • Mesh Geometry (Vertices and Faces)
  • Vertex Normals
  • Face Normals
  • Vertex Colors
  • Face Materials (Excluding textures)
  • Textures
  • Point Cloud
  • Multiple Objects Per File
  • Object Transforms (Translation, Rotation, and Scale)
  • Bones/Joints
  • Animations
  • Suitable for 3D Printing

WRL Features

  • Mesh Geometry (Vertices and Faces)
  • Vertex Normals
  • Face Normals
  • Vertex Colors
  • Face Materials (Excluding textures)
  • Textures
  • Point Cloud
  • Multiple Objects Per File
  • Object Transforms (Translation, Rotation, and Scale)
  • Bones/Joints
  • Animations
  • Suitable for 3D Printing

How does it work?

Converting from the 3MF file format to WRL can be a complex process and any tool used for this conversion process needs to be able to handle a variety of data conversion tasks as well as identify any defects within the 3D model and fix them. Here we will explain the conversion process used by our tool to accurately convert your 3MF file to a valid WRL 3D model suitable for 3D printing. Lets start with the conversion process, which involves the following steps:

Step 1: Read the Source 3MF File

Step 1: Read the Source 3MF File

A 3MF file is a collection of 3D model data files including mesh and texture data compressed into a single file aimed at the 3D printing arena. The file is basically a ZIP file containing the relevant 3D files with the 3MF extension. The internal mesh structure is stored within various XML files making this easy to read in using a standard XML parser.

Our tool can read the compressed 3MF file and parse the 3D model contents taking into account all vertex, face and material information. As the 3MF format supports nested models within the 3D scene our tool will check for these and perform any world space transforms that are needed.

When our tool reads this 3D data, all we are interested in are the vertices, faces, and normals, as this is the only data that can be accurately converted into the final WRL file.

The 3MF file can contain other data, such as material definitions and textures, that describe how a particular set of 3D geometry should be rendered. As we are creating an WRL file, which does not support materials and textures, we will be ignoring this data if it is present in the 3MF file.

For more information regarding the 3MF file format, please see this great article that goes into a lot of detail explaining the 3MF format.

Step 2: Process File Data

With the 3MF file data read, our tool generates an internal representation of the full 3D model and will attempt to fix any geometry issues encountered. Along with repairing any issues with the 3D model, the tool will remove any duplicated vertices and prepare the model for exporting to the WRL format.

Step 3: Saving to the WRL Format

With the conversion process entering its final stages, our tool now needs to take the in-memory 3D model we have created in step 2 and convert it to the WRL format.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I convert my 3MF file to WRL?

First click the "Upload..." button, select your 3MF file to upload. Select any configuration options. When the 3MF to WRL conversion has completed, you can download your WRL file straight away.

How long does it take to convert my 3MF to WRL?

We aim to process all 3MF to WRL conversions as quickly as possible, this usually takes around 5 seconds but can be more for larger more complex files so please be patient.

How accurate is the 3MF to WRL conversion?

We aim to create the most accurate conversions with our tools. Our tools are under constant development with new features and improvements being added every week.

Is it safe to convert my 3MF to WRL on ImageToStl.com?

Yes, of course! We do not store the 3MF file you submit to us. The resulting WRL file, once created is deleted 15 minutes after upload and the download link will expire after this time.

Can I convert my 3MF to WRL on Windows, Linux, Android, iOS or Mac OS?

Yes! Our 3MF to WRL tool will run on any system with a modern web browser. No specialist software is needed to run any of our conversion tools.

What if I am using an Ad Blocker, will that affect things?

Yes. Although you can use an Ad Blocker, if you like our 3MF conversion tool please consider white-listing our site. When an Ad Blocker is enabled there are some conversion limits on some of our tools and processing/conversion times will be longer.

Can I get support with converting my 3MF to WRL?

Yes. When you have converted your 3MF to WRL, there is a "Feedback" option that you can use to let us know of any issues you encountered when converting your file.

I have several 3MF files; can I batch convert my 3MF to WRL?

Yes! Our 3MF tool supports full batch conversions. You can upload up to 25 and 3MF files at a time. Our tool will convert them all as quickly as possible. Once completed, you can either download the WRL files individually or download them all in a single ZIP file.

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